What are the major causes for pigmentation
Pigmentation is caused by an excessive amount of melanin found in certain cells on the body’s skin. These cells usually carry a higher level of “melanocytes”, which produce the melanin that causes individual areas to become discoloured. Pigmentation can occur anywhere on the body, but usually appears on the hands or face. Contributors include:
Some people are genetically predisposed to skin pigmentation.
Excessive unprotected exposure to the sun causes damage to the skin. This damage is characterised by freckles, sun spots and age spots.
Birthmarks are areas of pigmented skin caused by an overgrowth of melanin-producing melanocytes. Birthmarks have no specific cause and can be categorised as a benign irregularity.
Skin trauma or damage can cause areas of pigmentation to appear.
Hormonal fluctuations, such as those experienced during pregnancy, can affect the skin quite significantly.
The ageing process can often lead to age spots and general skin darkening.
how it works
Picoseond laser deliver ultra short pulse to the skin, use focus lens array technology to effectively convert the laser energy into gentle pressure waves, to break and shatter the pigmentation into smaller particles, the body’s immune system will then remove these pigments over time. Once drawn to the surface, the pigmented lesions will fade or dry and flake off the treated area, leaving the skin with an even tone and complexion.
At the same time, these waves activate cell signaling and initiate an enhanced inflammatory healing response. This leads to increased collagen and elastin, which helps to work on pores, fine lines, and some additional luminosity.
This technology is designed to harness the body’s natural healing processes to restore youthful skin.
for skin pigmentation treatment
Having 3 different wavelengths provides a greater ability to marry the type and depth of pigmentation concern with an appropriate wavelength.
Picosecond pulse durations have also added a new frontier to the treatment of skin pigmentation concerns. They may be particularly useful in the treatment of pigmentation problems on olive or darker skin types. Picosecond laser pulses are ultra-short and impart less heat energy onto the skin, and this, in turn, reduces the risk of heating or burning normal skin, whilst still being able to treat the problem pigmentation. Concerns such as melasma are particularly suited picosecond laser treatment.
for skin rejuventation treatment
The is also an effective treatment for skin rejuvenation. It is possible to use quite low settings on this laser to treat the skin and provide a brightening of the skin and improved skin quality. Usually, there is little or no downtime when the laser is used in this manner.
An example would be the use of the 1064nm wavelength in picosecond mode, using a low fluence, large spot size, and high repetitions per second. The low fluence reduces the risk of the treatment. The 1064nm wavelength and large spot size is penetrates deeply into the skin, and is more uniform in its coverage of the face than smaller spot sizes. The face can also be quickly covered with high repetitions per second. This treatment only takes a few minutes, is not painful, has no downtime, and provides improvements in skin quality.
Co2 resurfacing laser treatment can also be used to further increase the depth of penetration of the treatment and help to treat pigmentation and improve skin with less risk and downtime.