What are the major causes for pigmentation?
Pigmentation is caused by an excessive amount of melanin found in certain cells on the body’s skin. These cells usually carry a higher level of “melanocytes”, which produce the melanin that causes individual areas to become discoloured. Pigmentation can occur anywhere on the body, but usually appears on the hands or face. Contributors include:
Some people are genetically predisposed to skin pigmentation.
Excessive unprotected exposure to the sun causes damage to the skin. This damage is characterised by freckles, sun spots and age spots.
Birthmarks are areas of pigmented skin caused by an overgrowth of melanin-producing melanocytes. Birthmarks have no specific cause and can be categorised as a benign irregularity.
Skin trauma or damage can cause areas of pigmentation to appear.
Hormonal fluctuations, such as those experienced during pregnancy, can affect the skin quite significantly.
The ageing process can often lead to age spots and general skin darkening.
How Does It Work?
PicoSure use picosecond technology and deliver ultra short pulse to the skin, use focus lens array technology to effectively convert the laser energy into gentle pressure waves, to break and shatter the pigmentation into smaller particles, the body’s immune system will then remove these pigments over time. Once drawn to the surface, the pigmented lesions will fade or dry and flake off the treated area, leaving the skin with an even tone and complexion.
At the same time, these waves activate cell signaling and initiate an enhanced inflammatory healing response. This leads to increased collagen and elastin, which helps to work on pores, fine lines, and some additional luminosity.
This technology is designed to harness the body’s natural healing processes to restore youthful skin.
Is The Treatment Painful?
The heat from the laser is concentrated at a superficial level so it is likely that the client will experience some discomfort while the treatment is being performed. The treated area can feel like sunburn for up to 48 hours afterwards, however cold packs can be used to reduce redness and inflammation.
What Should I Expect After My Treatment
Clients may have varying results. Most clients report a 70% or greater improvement over the duration of their course of treatments.
How Many Teatments Will I Need?
Depending on the type of pigmentation being treated, clients will need between 2-6 treatments. The effectiveness of the treatment will be determined by the type, colour and depth of the pigmentation along with the condition of the skin.
Pre-Treatment Care and Precautions
Do not wear any makeup on the day of treatment.
Excess hair may need to be shaved. Men should be cleanly shaved on the day of treatment.
No sun-tanning or self-tanners 4 weeks prior to pigment, vascular or hair removal treatment (this includes spray tans, tanning lotions, tanning beds, direct sun exposure, etc ).
Always wear 30+ sun protections prior to and during any course of laser treatment.
Avoid treatments that irritate the skin for 1-2 weeks prior to treatment (waxing, depilatories etc).
Muscle relaxants and filler need to be complete healed before the treatment can be performed.
Inform us with any changes to your health history or medications since your last appointment.
A history of cold sores may require an anti-viral prescription prior to treatment.
Refrain from using any form of Vitamin A or retinols at least 5 days prior to your treatment.
Avoid sun exposure and use broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen to prevent further sun damage.
Bruising, redness and swelling may occur and will resolve with time
Avoid heat – hot showers and tubs, saunas, sweating with exercise for 1-2 days
Avoid skin irritants (products containing tretinoin, retinol, benzoyl, peroxide, glycolic/salicylic acids, astringents) for a few days post treatment.
Avoid contact with chlorinated water for 24-48 hours.
Do NOT pick or exfoliate the scabbing or crusting skin as it may cause infection or further trauma.
Refrain from any other treatments to the treated area during the healing period.
Notify us immediately if you have any concerns (blistering, excessive redness/swelling).